A deep dive into tokenomics

A deep dive into tokenomics


6 min read

What is tokenomics?

In the ever-evolving world of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, the concept of tokenomics plays a crucial role in shaping the success and value of a digital asset. Tokenomics refers to the economic principles and mechanisms governing a token's supply, demand, and distribution within a decentralized ecosystem. In this article, we will delve into the fundamental components of tokenomics, focusing on the correlations between supply and demand.

Binance Research

Tokenomics can be defined as the study of determining and evaluating the economic characteristics of a cryptographic token.


Tokenomics is generally a broad term describing cryptocurrency's demand and supply characteristics. It encompasses everything about the mechanics of the crypto coin, including the token’s supply, the mechanics of how the cryptocurrency functions, as well as the behavioural and psychological forces that may affect its long-term value.


The topic of understanding the supply and demand characteristics of cryptocurrency.

The correlations between supply and demand


Tokenomics begins with the token's supply, which refers to the total amount of tokens in existence or the maximum number that will ever be minted. Unlike traditional fiat currencies, many cryptocurrencies have predefined and transparent supply structures. Some tokens have fixed supplies, while others may have inflationary or deflationary mechanisms built into their protocols. The token supply can directly influence the token's scarcity, value, and distribution.


  • The purpose is to show how much tokens are split among different parties

  • Few key allocation parties such as Founder/Core Team, Private Investor etc.

  • Token allocation might be very important

    • To avoid centralization risks

    • To understand how many tokens will be allocated to the communities, early adopters or developers

  • Example of Polygon Matic token allocation (Source: CoinGecko):

    The initial distribution of Polygon (MATIC) tokens is as follows:

    • 12.00% is allocated to Staking Rewards

    • 23.33% is allocated to the Ecosystem

    • 21.86% is allocated to Foundation

    • 4.00% is allocated to Advisors

    • 16.00% is allocated to the Team

    • 3.80% is allocated to Private Investors

    • 19.00% is allocated to Binance Launchpad

MATIC Allocation


  • The purpose is to restrict the token sale after the initial distribution

  • It's very common for projects' tokenomics nowadays

  • Vesting might be very important:

    • To prevent large fluctuations in price

    • Investors are able to avoid fluctuations during the token unlock date

  • Example of Optimism OP token unlock schedule (Source: Token Unlocks):


  • It simply means a crypto token releasing rate

  • It is useful to determine whether a token is inflationary or deflationary

  • Token emission increases will significantly

  • Projects might implement the burn mechanism to control the supply of their tokens

Example of Trader Joe Joe Token 1-Year Emission & Emission Rate (Source: Token Unlocks):


  • A way of token distribution methods

  • The airdrop is typically conducted by a blockchain or project to incentivize users by distributing free tokens to the early users' wallets

Example: Arbitrum allocated 11.62% of the token supply to the individual wallets (airdrops)


The demand for a token is determined by various factors, including its utility, functionality, and perceived value within the ecosystem it operates. Token demand can be driven by factors such as transactional purposes, access to services or products, governance rights, or speculative investment. The demand for a token often correlates with its adoption and popularity within the broader market. As demand increases, the token's value tends to rise, creating a positive feedback loop that can attract further interest and investment.


The most important element in token demand

  • What's the purpose of having this token?

  • A token without any utilities can be called a "meme coin"

  • Right, Value Exchange, Toll, Function, Currency, Earnings


  • Tokens are used to govern the protocol through a DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization)

  • Token holders will not choose to vote on proposals that will destroy their own wealth

  • Transparent and healthy governance can offer a lot of utility and drive the demand for a token

Tokenomics details on CoinGecko

Market Cap: Total market value of a cryptocurrency’s circulating supply

Fully Diluted Valuation: Total market value of a cryptocurrency’s maximum supply

Market Cap/FDV: The proportion of current market capitalization compares to market capitalization when meeting max supply

Circulating Supply: The number of coins that are circulated in the market

Total Supply: The number of coins after deducting the coins that have been removed from circulation (Burned🔥)

Max Supply: The maximum number of coins ever created/coded to exist

Project Tokenomics Analysis


Tokenomics DetailsETH
Market Cap230,072,604,891 USD
FDV230,072,604,891 USD
Circulating Supply120,201,013 ETH
Max SupplyUnlimited
EmissionDeflationary due to high network activity, amount of ETH burned > issued
Use CasesGas fees, Store of value and etc.

Ethereum exhibits strong tokenomics fundamentals, with a significant market capitalization and a deflationary emission mechanism. Ether serves as a store of value and has various use cases within the Ethereum ecosystem, including gas fees and participation in GameFi, DeFi and NFT platforms. However, the unlimited maximum supply poses considerations regarding scarcity and potential inflationary effects. Nevertheless, Ethereum's strong adoption, developer activity, and expanding ecosystem make it a leading blockchain platform.


Tokenomics DetailsARB
Market Cap1,670,250,000.00 USD
FDV13,100,000,000.00 USD
Circulating Supply1,275,000,000.00 ARB
Max Supply10,000,000,000.00 ARB
1-Year Emission1.48 billion ARB (116.3% of circulating supply)
Use CasesDAO Governance

ARB's tokenomics present a mixed outlook. On the positive side, the MC/FDV ratio suggests that the current market capitalization is relatively lower than the fully diluted valuation, which is favourable. The circulating supply percentage indicates a relatively small proportion of tokens in circulation, hinting at potential scarcity and value appreciation. However, the relatively high annual emission percentage raises concerns about increased inflationary pressure, which may impact the token's value over time.


Tokenomics DetailsDoge
Market Cap9,812,057,451.04 USD
FDV9,812,054,651.80 USD
Circulating Supply140,210,306,383.71 doge
Max SupplyUnlimited
1-Year Emission5.07 billion doge (3.6% of circulating supply)
Use CasesN/A (Memes, Elon Musk's favourite coin)

Doge, with a significant market capitalization, has established itself prominently in the cryptocurrency market. However, its unlimited maximum supply poses challenges to the token's scarcity and potential value appreciation. The substantial circulating supply and a relatively high 1-year emission rate of 5.07 billion Doge (representing 3.6% of the circulating supply) contribute to increased inflationary pressure.

Closing Thoughts

In conclusion, tokenomics is crucial while performing fundamental analysis.

However, there are several things that investors should emphasise on while "DYOR":

  • Focusing on the underlying product or service rather than the token itself

  • Understanding the true purpose behind purchasing a token

  • Evaluating the token utility within the project ecosystem

  • Considering supply and demand dynamics as a primary factor

  • Prioritizing long-term growth over short-term gains

By considering these aspects, investors can navigate the cryptocurrency market with confidence, making informed decisions that align with the fundamentals of the project.